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Macedonian National History: The Macedonian Uprising / 1878 – 79

19 December, 16:53
Macedonian National History: The Macedonian Uprising / 1878 – 79

The political and territorial changes on the Balkan resulted in the Berlin Congress, which affected Macedonia very heavily. The Macedonian people did not get freedom with the San-Stefan peace treaty nor with the Berlin Congress. The situation worsened and this provoked the Macedonians to form new rebel groups.

The Macedonian people started an uprising against the Turks, later known as the Kresna Uprising (Kresnensko vostanie). The uprising got its name from the village of Kresna near the river Struma, present-day Bulgaria, where it first took place. However, this uprising is known under the name "Macedonian Uprising" (Makedonsko Vostanie) because the name was used by its leaders, and all the official documents stated this name. The main organiser of the uprising was Natanail Kuceviski, and the leaders of the uprising were Dimitar Pop Gorgiev - Berovski and Stojan Karastoilov.

The Macedonian Uprising started on the 17 October 1878, when the soldiers attacked the Turkish in the village of Kresna. After that, the rebels had a meeting where they chose Adam Kalmikov to be the leader of the uprising, and for a chief Dimitar Pop Georgiev-Berovski, the leader of the Razlog Uprising (Razlovecko Vostanie, 1876). The success from the start of the uprising increased the fighting spirit. The uprising quickly expanded and the soldiers freed more than 35 villages, including Melnik and Petric. This encouraged the uprising actions to increase in the Razlovci region, where the soldiers freed Razlog and Bansko. In the freed territory's a new army and a new government were formed.

The success of the Macedonian Uprising achieved its aim to free the Macedonian people from the Turkish slavery. The succeeding forces of the uprising were stopped when Berovski and Stojan Karostoilov were overthrown, and later Karostoilov was killed. This resulted in a break-up of the whole uprising organisation. From this situation, on 6 June 1879, Natanail Kuceviski (who for the whole time during the uprising played the main character) ordered everyone to break up, and their weapons to be put in safe keeping in the village of Buranovo (now in Pirin Macedonia). This act showed the unsuccessful end of the Kresna Uprising and the hard eight month war. 

 


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The Razlovci Uprising / 1876

From the beginning of an organised armed struggle, the last decades of the 19th century saw even greater economic, political and social oppression in Macedonia. Discontent among the people rose to a dangerous level, and was reflected in frequent uprisings and rebellion's, and a strengthening of the hajduk movement in which the people sought protection from Turkish violence.

In May 1876, the Razlovec Uprising broke out. It was well prepared and well organised: arms, gun power and lead had been purchased in Solun and the people secretly prepared for an insurrection. Fearing that the Turks had already discovered their plans, the rebels started the uprising earlier. It broke out in the village of Razlovec near Berovo, and quickly spread to the area around Pehcevo, the whole of Malesevija, and the upper course of the River Bregalnica. After some initial successes, the rebellion was put down by strong Turkish forces. The captured rebels were taken to Solun, Seres, Skopje and other towns where they were cruelly tortured and put to death.

The Razlovec Uprising was the first organised armed resistance by the Macedonian people against the Ottomans, and created the beginning of the

Macedonian liberation and revolutionary struggle.

 

Dedo Ilo Maleshevski

http://www.f1.net.au/cybermacedonia/kresna.html
http://www.f1.net.au/cybermacedonia/razlovci.html
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Macedonia : a True Endless Story ...'s photo.

source: Шило

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